About Wilcox County

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Wilcox County was formed from parts of Dallas and Monroe counties by an act of the Alabama legislature on Dec. 13, 1819. It was named for Lt. Joseph M. Wilcox who fought in the Creek Wars. 

The county is located in the south-central part of the state, in the Black Belt region. The county was a center of Alabama antebellum plantation life. Today it is largely agricultural and rural. Wilcox is bordered by Dallas, Lowndes, Butler, Monroe, Clarke, and Marengo counties. The county seat is Camden. Other towns include Alberta, Catherine, Gastonburg, Lower Peach Tree, Millers Ferry, Pine Apple and Snow Hill. 

Source: Alabama Department of Archives & History, Alabama History On-Line

Wilcox County Map  Click on County
for a detailed map

1895 color map 
of Wilcox County

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More history of Wilcox County:
This history of Bethel Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church contains information about Oak Hill and about families that settled in Wilcox County in the 1820's.
The history of Gee's Bend and the Gee plantation excerpted from The Gee Family, by W.J. Fletcher, 1937, and The Life and Times of John Henry Gee, by James H. Dill, The Old Time Chronicle Magazine. Found on the GEEography webpage.
AP news story about the resumption of ferry service that also includes some history and background of Gees Bend. From the Nando Times, Jan. 1996.
Records of Ante-bellum Southern Plantations. Scroll down or use the "find" function of your browser to search for Wilcox County references.
Twenty-Five Years in the Black Belt. Wilcox County at the turn of the century. The autobiography of W.J. Edwards, founder of the Snow Hill Institute, a school for the education of Negro students.


Places in Wilcox County:
Oak Hill
Pine Apple


Historical Figures and Notables:
Benjamin Meek Miller. Governor of Alabama 1931-1935.
The Political Graveyard: politicians born or buried in Wilcox County.



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Created: 16 Sep 1996 | Updated: 9 Jul 2006
Copyright © 1996-2006 by B.J. Smothers. All rights reserved.
Wilcox County, Alabama Genealogy